The Environmental Professionals’ World Wide Web Non-Technical Directory  

Ashok Kumar & Ronak Desai 
Department of Civil Engineering 
The University of Toledo, Toledo, OH 43606

Rishi Kumar

Global Education and Consulting Services

Missisauga, Ontario, Canada L5R2A1


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Introduction
 
In recent years extensive development has taken place in computer networking. This has made Internet a popular source of information and knowledge. Internet is becoming one of the biggest libraries of the world. But unlike library of books here the information available on the sites is frequently changing.

In an attempt to develop directories of useful sites for the day to day use for environmental professionals we archived across several thousand sites in recent years. Several directories on specific technical topics have been published in this journal. Therefore, this paper concentrates on groups of site not covered before and a summary of useful sites on non-technical matters in environmental field. The sites are segregated in six different categorizes depending upon the information they provide. Since the search engines play an important role in finding information, a category on search engines is included in the discussion.

Search Engines

Due to constant increase in sites on the Internet, there is a need of a tool that categorizes all these sites. The solution to this problem is the introduction of search engines. A list of eight search engines along with their address is given in Table I. The results of two keyword searches: "environmental" and "pollution" are included in the Table I to give you an idea of number of sites available on the Internet. The search was done on April --, 1998.

  Table I: A list of commonly used Search Engines

 

Site Name  URL  Keyword Search Results 
Environmental  Pollution 
Yahoo http://www.yahoo.com 5487  385 
Excite http://www.excite.com N/A  N/A 
Alta Vista http://altavista.digital.com 451462  425790 
Lycos http://www.lycos.com N/A  N/A 
Infoseek http://www.infoseek.com 897445  75642 
Infohighway http://www.infohiway.com/ 2301  379 
Hotbot http://www.hotbot.com 2078248  474559 
WebCrawler http://www.webcrawler.com 34434  8112 


 

These search engines look through a database of sites and provide a list of sites, which match with the query, one typed in. However all the sites may not be covered under the database of a particular search engine. Therefore, looking for the same query on different search engines will produce different results.
 
In recent years searchable databases for the environmental sites as well few vast sites with nearly all the information which have a search index have emerged. Table II is a list of four such sites. Table II: A List of Searchable Environmental Databases
 

Site Name  Site URLs 
Web Directory http://www.webdirectory.com/
Eco-Web http://eco-web.com/search/index.html
Directory of Environmental Resources on Internet http://www.envirosw.com
Search the Virtual Library http://www.ulb.ac.be/ceese/english/manual.htm

Environmental Legal Resources & Regulatory Agencies

The environmental laws for different countries are different. All the major countries of the world have an environmental regulatory agency, which defines the laws for a particular country. A list of sites that provides a brief description of the laws and the sites of some major regulatory agencies is given in Table III.

The Table III includes regulatory agencies in Australia, England, Canada, and USA. These pages provide information regarding the environmental laws in these countries and other environmental related information.
The Code of Federal Regulation (www.access.gpo.gov/nara/cfr/cfr-table-search.html) is a site sponsored by Office of the Federal Register and National Archives and Records Administration on the United States Government Printing Office web site. It is a searchable site with a list of all the CFR (Code of Federal Regulations) titles listed along with the year. Table III: A List of Environmental Law related sites
 

Site Name  Site URL 
U.S Environmental Protection Agency http://www.epa.gov
U.S EPA’s page of Laws & Regulations http://www.epa.gov/epahome/rules.html
Australian Environmental Dept. http://www.erin.gov.au/
Environment Canada http://www.doe.ca/envhome.html
UK Department of Environmental, Transport & Regions http://www.detr.gov.uk
Environmental Law in Europe http://www.igc.apc.org/envlaw/europe/europelaw.html
Code of Federal Regulations http://www.access.gpo.gov/nara/cfr/cfr-table-search.html
The Pace Virtual Environmental Law Library http://joshua.law.pace.edu/env/vell6.html
The Journal of Environmental law http://www.oup.co.uk/envlaw/
Fedworld Information Network http://www.fedworld.gov
Environmental Law Institute http://www.eli.org/
Hieros Gamos http://www.hg.org/hg.html
Find Law http://www.findlaw.com
U.S EPA Government Printing office http://www.epa.gov/docs/GPO.html
Enviro$en$e http://es.epa.gov/index.html

The Journal of Environmental Law (www.oup.co.uk/envlaw) is an electronic edition of the same journal. It has major articles on a wide variety of topics, refereed and written to the highest standards, providing innovative and authoritative appraisals of current and emerging concepts, policies and practice. It also has a case law section covering a selection of English-language cases from recent months, the judgement is reproduced in full, and is followed by a detailed analysis.

The Pace Virtual Environmental Library (joshua.law.pace.edu/env/vell6.html) is a product of the Pace University School of Law's Center for Environmental Legal Studies. This "library" uses the resources found on the Internet to facilitate and supplement access to important legal sources throughout the world. It provides links for international as well as the US laws.

The Fed World Information Network (www.fedworld.gov) was established to bring the public closer to the government. The (NTIS) National Technical Information Service established this network in 1992. Fedworld Information Network consists of an integrated network offering the public broad access to information including World Wide Web, searchable databases, ftp, Bulletin Board Service and subscriptions.

The Environmental law Institute (ELI) is an internationally recognized independent research and education center located at Washington, D.C. It’s page has (www.eli.org) links to many periodicals and deskbooks, which are published by ELI. It also has links to some US and international Law Environmental Law resources on the Internet. The next two sites mentioned in Table III, Find Law (www.findlaw.com) & Hieros Gamos (www.hg.org/hg.html), are legal search engines.

EnviroSenSe (es.epa.gov/index.html) is an integral part of the US EPA website. This site is a single major source for information regarding pollution prevention, compliance assurance, and enforcement information and databases. Included are pollution prevention case studies, technologies, points of contact, environmental statutes, executive orders, regulations, and compliance and enforcement policies and guidelines.
The environmental laws change from states to states. The Table IV is an index of all the state agencies of the 52 states of US and the available sites. The sites keep you updated to whatever is going on in each state. Table IV: List of State Agencies
 

State  Department Name  Site URL 
Alabama  Department of Environmental Management http://www.adem.state.al.us
Alaska  Department of Environmental Conservation http://www.state.ak.us/local/akpages/ENV.CONSERV/home.htm
Arizona  Department of Environmental Quality http://www.governor.state.az.us/dept/deq.html
Arkansas  Department of Pollution Control & Ecology http://www.state.ar.us/
California CAL Environmental Protection Agency http://www.cahwnet.gov/epa/
Colorado  Department of Public Health & Environment http://agency.resource.ca.gov/
Connecticut Department of Environmental Protection http://dep.state.ct.us/
Delaware Department of Natural Resources & Environmental Control http://www.dnrec.state.de.us/
District of Columbia  Department of Consumer & Regulatory Affairs http://www.ci.washington.dc.us/DCRA/dcrahome.htm
Florida Department of Environmental Protection http://www.dep.state.fl.us/
Hawaii Department of Health http://www.state.hi.us/health/
Idaho Division of Environmental Quality  Not Available
Illinois Environmental Protection Agency http://www.epa.state.il.us/
Indiana Department of Environmental Management http://www.state.in.us/idem/
Kansas Department of Health and Environment http://www.kumc.edu/safety/kdhehw/kdhehazw.html
Louisiana Department of Environmental Quality http://www.deq.state.la.us/
Maine Department of Environmental Protection http://www.state.me.us/dep/mdephome.htm
Maryland Department of Environment http://www.mde.state.md.us/
Massachusetts Department of Environmental Protection http://www.magnet.state.ma.us/dep/dephome.htm
Michigan Department of Environmental Quality http://www.deq.state.mi.us/
Minnesota Pollution Control Agency http://www.pca.state.mn.us/netscape.shtml
Mississippi Department of Environmental Quality http://www.deq.state.ms.us/
Missouri Department of Natural Resources http://www.state.mo.us/dnr/deq/homedeq.htm
Montana Department of Environmental Quality http://www.deq.mt.gov/
Nebraska Department of Environmental Quality  Not Available
Nevada Division of Environmental Protection  Not Available
New Hampshire Department of Environmental Services http://www.state.nh.us/des/descover.htm
New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection http://www.state.nj.us/dep/
New Mexico Environment Department http://www.nmenv.state.nm.us/
New York Department of Environmental Conservation http://unix2.nysed.gov/ils/executive/encon/dec007.htm
North Carolina Department of Environment, Health, & Natural Resources http://www.ehnr.state.nc.us/EHNR/
North Dakota Environmental Health Section  Not Available
Ohio OH Environmental Protection Agency http://www.epa.state.oh.us/
Oklahoma Department of Environmental Quality http://www.deq.state.ok.us/
Oregon Department of Environmental Quality http://www.deq.state.or.us/
Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection http://www.dep.state.pa.us/
Puerto Rico Environmental Quality Board  Not Available
Rhode Island Department of Environmental Management http://www.state.ri.us/dem/
South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control http://www.state.sc.us/dhec/eqchome.htm
South Dakota Department of Environment & Natural Resources http://www.state.sd.us/state/executive/denr/denr.html
Tennessee Department of Environment & Conservation http://www.state.tn.us/environment/
Texas Natural Resource & Conservation Commission http://www.tnrcc.state.tx.us/
Utah Department of Environmental Quality http://www.state.ut.us/
Vermont Agency of Natural Resources http://www.state.vt.us/anr/
Virginia Department of Environmental Quality http://www.deq.state.va.us/
Washington Department of Ecology http://www.wa.gov/ecology/
Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources http://www.dnr.state.wi.us/
West Virginia Division of Environmental Protection http://charon.osmre.gov/
Wyoming Department of Environmental Quality http://www.state.wy.us/state/government/state_agencies/deq.html

 
International Development Organizations

A list of organizations involved in international environmental activities is given in Table V. The table includes addresses of five active agencies.
UNEP (United Nations Environmental Program) is the United Nation’s international program to provide leadership and encourage partnerships in caring for the environment by inspiring, informing and enabling nations and people to improve their quality of life without compromising that of future generations. The site has a searchable index and is well equipped to provide any information to the professionals. Table V: Organizations involved in International Environmental Activities
 

Organizations  Site URL’s 
United Nations Environmental Program  http://www.unep.ch
World Bank Environmental Dept.  http://www-esd.worldbank.org/html/esd/env/envmain.htm
International Finance Corp.Technical and Environmental Dept.  http://www.ifc.org/depts/html/environ.htm
UNDP - Sustainable Energy and Environment Division  http://www.undp.org:81/seed/
The US Agency of International Development. ( Environmental Section )  http://www.info.usaid.gov/environment/

The objective of the World Bank’s Environment Department Home Page is to provide information on the Environment Department activities. The Environment Department's task is to provide intellectual and practical leadership and support in fulfilling the World Bank's four-fold environmental and social agenda.

The International Finance Corporation (IFC), a member of the World Bank Group, shares the primary objective of all Bank Group institutions, ‘ to improve the quality of the lives of people in its developing member countries’. The objective of the Technical & Environmental Dept. of IFC is to provide support to the Investment Department.

The goal of all the International Departments is to assist and develop environmental projects to reduce pollution from the world and lead to a better world.

Professional Organization
A list of 11 professional organizations related to the environmental field is given in Table VI. From their homepage information regarding the environmental activities is available. The programs given by the organizations are helpful in keeping you current. Table VI: Addresses of Professional Organizations
 

ASSOCIATIONS  URL’s 
Environmental Assessment Association  http://www.iami.org/eaa.html
Occupational Safety and Health Association.  http://www.osha.gov/
American Society of Civil Engineers  http://www.asce.org/
American Society of Mechanical Engineers http://www.asme.org
American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-conditioning Engineers  http://www.ashrae.org/
American Institute of Chemical Engineers  http://www.aiche.org/
Air and Waste Management Association.  http://www.awma.org/index1.htm
Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry (SETAC)  http://www.setac.org

 

ISO 14000 Sites
ISO 14000 is a series of standards for environmental management. ISO 14000 were proposed with goal to help any company in any country to meet the goal of "sustainable development" and environmental friendliness. Table V11: ISO 14000 sites
 

Site Name  Site URL 
International Organization for Standardization  http://www.iso.ch/welcome.html
ISO Center  http://www.isocenter.com/
Reality Interactive’s ISO 14000 Page  http://www.realtools.com/14kcd.htm#top
National ISO 9000 Support Group’s Page  http://www.cris.com/~Isogroup/14000.html
Global Green Standards  http://iisd1.iisd.ca/greenstand/default.htm
Quality Network’s IS014000 Page  http://www.quality.co.uk/iso14000.htm
Transformation Strategies  http://www.trst.com/iso1.htm
Greeware Environmental Systems INC.  http://www.greenware.ca/iso_14000/article.htm 

The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) is a worldwide federation of national standards bodies from some 100 countries, one from each country. ISO’s homepage (http://www.iso.ch/welcome.html) provides all the information’s regarding the standards to be taken care of for various projects.

ISO center is the page setup by SCS Engineers and ETI Corporation. This page (www.isocenter.com) gives all the description of the ISO 9000 and ISO14000. From this resource you can browse through a selection of material on ISO 9000 and 14000, including certification requirements, specific information on ISO standards and recommendations on how you can implement quality and environmental management systems.

Global Green Standards (http://iisd1.iisd.ca/greenstand/default.htm) is an informative guide for business on ISO 14000 standards. On this page are the downloadable Adobe Acrobat Reader (*.pdf) files about the standards. This page has links to many informative pages on ISO 14000.

Transformation Strategies (http://www.trst.com/iso1.htm) is helping organizations benefit from ISO 14000 and environmental management systems. The important section on this page is the case studies. Here they have mentioned various examples of companies, which have already implemented the system, and the actual benefits of environmental management system and ISO 14000.

The Greenware Environmental Systems INC., is a Canada based corporation (http://www.greenware.ca/iso_14000/article.htm) dealing with environmental problems. They have developed software products based on the ISO 14000 series of international standards for environmental management systems. From this page you can download a demo of these software as well order the software online if interested.
 

News
There are many newsletters that are either free or can be subscribed on Internet. They provide regular news updates in environmental field. A list of 11 sites is given in Table VIII. Table VIII: A list of sites for Newsletters
 

Site Name  Site URL 
Environmental News Network(ENN)  http://www.enn.com
Greenwire  http://www.nationaljournal.com/aboutgreenwire.htm
Science and Environment  http://www.cais.net/publish/
Living on Earth  http://www.loe.org/html/headlines/eaturedstories.html
Ends Environmental Daily  http://www.ends.co.uk/envdaily/index.htm
Global Network of Environment and Technology  http://www.gnet.org/
1995 Title 40 – Environmental Protection CFR Pilot  http://earth1.epa.gov/epacfr40/
Natural Resources Canada  http://www.NRCan.gc.ca/
Compliance Online  http://www.ieti.com/taylor/compliance.html
The Western Environmental Law Center  http://www.welc.org/

Environmental News Network (ENN) is one of the leading news service providers in this field. It has to be subscribed. They have two kinds of services: one a daily newsletter in mail without links or the other online news letter. The subscription fees are $ 24.95 and $ 70.00 respectively.

Greenwire is the daily briefing on the news and events that shape the environmental debate at the state, national and international levels. Its is delivered through World Wide Web, email or fax. Subscribers of this news letter can archive through the Greenwire database of articles published in this news letter since 1991 and get an access to some links and a searchable index on preset keywords search. The subscription rate is $ 1,647 per year.

Compliance on line is the newsletter, which help the environmental professional stay up to date on EPA, DOT, and OSHA regulations. It also publishes one site, which is rated the best site for the month.

The Global Network of Environmental Technology (GNET) is the web site created and maintained by The Global Environment & Technology Foundation and Onesoft Corporation. It is updated with the latest news on environmental business, new technologies, and the international market. It’s a free service. OnGNET is linked the TECHKNOW database that provides a wealth of reliable, accurate and high-quality environmental technology information in one comprehensive database.

Other newsletters, which will keep the environmental professionals updated with the current proceedings through out the world, are given in Table VIII.
 

Employment

For the new comers to this field and for experienced people in this field who would like to look for a new position in same profession, there are six sites related to employment on the WWW (see Table VIII). Keep visiting these sites frequently in your free time and you may find some real good opportunities.

ECO (Environmental Careers Organization) has listed many jobs and paid internships. To apply for positions listed on this site you will send them your resume. This can be done online or can be send through E-mail or mail.
Environmental Temporary Services, Inc. (www.techassistance.com) provides training to environmental professionals and also provides temporary, contract and permanent positions. Table IX: Environmental Jobsites
 

Site Name  Site URL 
The Environment Employment Pages  http://www.datacor.com/jobfair/environment/home.html
Environmental Careers, Inc  http://www.environmentalcareers.com
US EPA’s Employment Opportunities  http://www.epa.gov/epahrist/
Environmental Temporary Services, Inc  http://www.techassistance.com/

 

Concluding Remarks

Environmental professionals are using Internet as a useful resource for information. The WWW is a place for learning, to buy equipment, to publish information and to locate people, companies and products. With a collective effort of everyone in the field of environment, there is a substantial amount of information available on Internet and the amount of information keeps on increasing everyday. It has become very difficult to search for a particular information in a short time due to vast amount of information. Moreover, the site URLs keep on changing. During such moments this directory and other directories published in this journal and elsewhere are useful. 


Literature Cited:

1.    Kumar, A, F.D'Souza, S.Vashisth, "Information Datasets on the Information Superhighway", Env. Progress, 15(3), pp.         F13-F16(1996a).

2.    Kumar, A, F.D'Souza, S.Vashisth, "Introduction to WWW.Environmental_Health_&_safety.com", Env. Progress, 15(4), W13-W16, (1996b).

3.    Kumar, A, S.Vashisth and S.Chinmalapati, "A Review of Heating and Ventilation sites on the Internet",Env. Progress 16(2), S11-S14, (1997).

4.    Kumar, R and A. Kumar, "Introduction to WWW.ISO14001.com", Env. Progress, 16(3), F13-F15 (1997a).

5.    Kumar, R and A. Kumar, "A guide to Indoor Air Quality sites on the World Wide Web", Env. Progress, 16(4), (1997b). 


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