of Internet Sites on Environmental Health & Safety
Health and Safety of the workers and the general public is an important
issue for environmental professionals working in the industry And governmental
agencies. This is primarily due to the increase in use of chemicals, industrial
accidents, governmental regulations, and public awareness of environmental
problems. In order to make informed decisions environmental managers, engineers,
and scientists need information from a variety of sources. The information
superhighway can assist all of us.
In continuation of our efforts to accentuate the usefulness of the
Internet as a repository of information and data [1,2,3], this paper focuses
on the Environmental Health and Safety web sites on Internet. An in depth
view of information pertaining to environmental health and safety which
would be of immense help to environmental professionals as well as students
seeking relevant material for their use is presented.
The world wide web (WWW) uses what are called Uniform Resource Locators
( URL ) to represent the hypertext links and links to Network services
within the HTML documents . If one were to perform a word search on
' Environmental Health and Safety ' thousands of pertaining sites would
pop up on the screen, which would entail hours of browsing to get the desired
information. This paper provides a list of URL's, along with a brief description
of each site containing information regarding Environmental Health and
Safety, which would greatly reduce your search time.
Internet Sites For Environmental Health & Safety
Since a list of sites on En vironmental Health and Safety is not easily
available on the Internet we have made an attempt to create a comprehensive
list of various sites available on the net. In addition the URL’s and a
brief summary of each of the sites is listed below.
Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry
Links to the following resources can be obtained at this site.
ATSDR's Hazardous Substance Release/Health Effects Database
Hazdat is the scientific and administrative database developed to provide
access to information on the release of hazardous substances from Superfund
sites or from emergency events and on the effects of hazardous substances
on the health of human populations.
ToxFAQ's are short, easy-to-read summaries about hazardous substances
that have been excerpted from the ATSDR Toxicological Profiles.
Health Statement Text Search
This search engine enables the World-Wide Web user to search for specific
words or combination of words occurring in ATSDR's Public Health Statements.
Taken from the Toxicological Profiles, the Public Health Statements offer
easy-to-read summaries of many hazardous substances to which people might
Top 20 Hazardous Substances
The priority list of hazardous substances prepared by ATSDR and EPA
is provided out here. Each chemical is identified with a Rank Number and
includes an ATSDR Public Health Statement.
Risk Levels (MRLs) for Hazardous Substances
One can find the ATSDR Minimal Risk Levels (MRLs) for hazardous substances
Data Needed for Public Health Assessment
This site is a guidance manual published by ATSDR that describes the
general purpose and focus of a public health assessment (PHA) and the data
that is needed to produce a PHA.
Substances & Public Health
Hazardous Substances & Public Health is a quarterly newsletter
published by the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry and can
be found on-line at the above URL.
CLUSTER version 3.1
The CLUSTER (version 3.1) software download site is designed to help
the researcher determine if there is a statistically significant chance
that a cluster occurred other than by random phenomenon.
DOE Office of Environmental Safety and Health, Home Page
DOE's Environment, Safety and Health (ES&H) Technical Information
Services (TIS) is a collection of information services that provides safety
and health professio nals with reliable, accurate and current information
to assist them in performing their jobs.
H Info Center
The ES&H InfoCenter provides multi-media access to Federal, industry
and international information sources.
Documents and Publications
DOE's Environment, Safety and Health (ES&H) Technical Information
Services (TIS) is a collection of information services that provides safety
and health professionals with reliable, accurate and current information
to assist them in performing their jobs. The Environmental Safety &
Health Documents and Publications provide links to the following sites:
A selection of prominent documents generated by or of interest to professionals
in the disciplines of environment, safety and health are included here.
The various documents available at this URL include Environmental Health
& Safety Plans, Occupational Safety and Health documents, The National
Environmental Policy Act ( NEPA ) documents, Radiation Reports, site related
Documents, U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission documents, and documents
pertaining to Fire Protection Program, and Operating Experience Analysis
Bulletins, Newsletters, Hazard Alerts and other periodic publications
containing time-sensitive data can be found at the above URL. ES&H
InfoCenter Bulletin, ES&H Synergy, Safety and Health Bulletins, Safety
and Health Notes, Safety and Health Actions, Safety and Health Hazard Alerts,
Nuclear Reactor Safety, Health Watch, Operating Experience Weekly Summary,
Office of Nuclear and Facility Safety (NFS) Safety Notices ES&H Updates,
Safety and Health Connection, and Occupational Safety Observer can all
be accessed from this web site.
Information and Guidelines
This page provides a collection of regulatory documents including the
Environmental Guidelines, DOE Directives, DOE Orders & Standards, and
other regulatory criteria and standards.
Links are provided for ES&H InfoCenter, conferences and training
information, medical links, special teams and tasks, and other information
services. ES&H InfoCenter, provides multi-media access to Federal,
industry and international information sources.
The database services page contains primary ES&H databases, which
include Comprehensive Epidemiologic Data Resource (CEDR), Human Radiation
Experiments, Facility Profiles (FPIMS), National Environmental Policy Act
(NEPA), Populations at Risk to Environmental Pollution (PAREP), Computerized
Accident/Incident Reporting System (CAIRS), Accident Analysis Documents
(MORT) Technical Research and Applications Center (TRAC), Occurrence Reporting
and Processing System (ORPS), Occurrence Reporting and Processing System
Graphical User Interface (ORPS GUI), Risk Information Management System
(RIMS), Document Imaging System (DIS), Medical Surveillance Information
System (MSIS), DOE Radiation Exposure Monitoring System (REMS).
Emergency Preparedness and Prevention Office
The EPA CEPPO home page contains profuse information regarding accident
prevention and risk management planning, accident preparedness and right-to-know,
emergency response, accident histories, and chemical information. An exhaustive
list of Fact sheets , legislation documents and extended links to Emergency
Response and Chemical Information sites, are included in this site . CEPPO
has prepared the factsheets to summarize material in and related to legislation
and regulation related to the program. Factsheets to be found on this page
are those for clean air act and amendments related to chemical accident
prevention and risk management, the emergency planning and community right-to-know
act, and the chemicals. EPA chemical fact sheets provide summaries of information
on over 300 chemicals including identifying characteristics, health hazards,
ecological effects, and methods to reduce exposure to the chemical. The
site also provides legislation and regulations pertaining to the clean
air act and amendments related to chemical accident prevention and risk
management, and the emergency planning and community right-to- know act.
Safety and Health (OSHA)
This OSHA home page provides information which can be used by health
professionals ,the academic community, lawyers, journalists, and personnel
of other government entities.This page also includes links to publications,
technical and other advisory information.
Information can be retrieved on topics related to employer's guide
to teen worker safety, industrial hygiene, employee workplace rights, employer
rights & responsibilities, federal employer rights & responsibilities
following an OSHA inspection, personal protective equipment, guidelines
for preventing workplace violence for health care and social, service workers,
draft guidelines for workplace violence prevention programs for night,
retail establishments, concepts and techniques for machine safeguarding,
asbestos standard for general industry, fact sheets.
OSHA intends to address the issues emerging from its priority planning
process through a combination of rulemaking and other ntervention tools.
Summary sheets for individual priorities, listed below can be accessed
at the above URL.
List of OSHA Priorities for which summary sheets can be located at
the site are: Asphalt Fumes, Commercial Diving Safety, Crane and Hoist
Safety, Diesel Exhaust, Hazardous Medications, Metalworking Fluids, Motor
Vehicle Safety, Noise/Hearing Conservation, Occupational Asthma, Oil and
Gas Well Drilling and Servicing, PELs Update (continuation of activity),
Power Transmission and Distribution in Construction, Reproductive Hazards,
Silica (Crystalline), Solvents, Synthetic Mineral Fibers, Welding, Cutting
and Brazing, Workplace Violence. One can also read about the leading causes
of occupational injury, illness and death.
The OSHA technical information page contains chemical sampling information
for various chemicals listed by name and CAS number, list of approved blood
lead laboratories in all the states, lead test kits, and fully validated
OSHA analytical methods ready for downloading.
This site contains information pertaining to OSHA standards and related
documents and includes draft of OSHA's proposed ergonomics protection standard,
OSHA federal register, information collection requests, OSHA act of 1970
(amended 1990), OSHA's compliance assistance page, OSHA regulations, OSHA
regulations, OSHA unified agenda, standards development, and standard interpretations.
The following information can be accessed through this web site: SIC
Manual provides the ability to search the alphabetic index of the 1987
version manual by keywords; access detailed information for a specified
SIC, division, or major group; and browse through the manual structure.
Frequently Cited OSHA Standards is a query tool which allows the user to
determine the most frequently cited Federal OSHA standards for a given
SIC code. The SIC code may be determined by accessing the on-line SIC Manual.
Industry Profile for an OSHA Standard displays the industry SICs in which
a specified Federal OSHA standard is most often cited. Information is shown
at the SIC division and 2,3,4- digit SIC levels.
The following software’s are available for download at the this site.
- The Asbestos Advisor 1.0 is interactive expert help. This software
is for building owners, managers and lessees, as well as for contractors
of building renovation, maintenance, and housekeeping services. Once installed
on your PC, the advisor interviews you about a building. It then asks follow-up
questions based on your answers, and writes a report on your responsibilities
under the Asbestos rules.
- GOCAD the Cadmium Standard Biological Monitoring Advisor, is interactive
expert help. This software evaluates laboratory results (of required medical
surveillance) under the Cadmium Standard. Once installed on your PC, it
prompts for the necessary information and writes (required and optional)
reports, letters, checklists, and statistics.
- The Permit Spaces Advisor (Public Test Version) is a new expert system
currently under development. It is interactive expert help for the Permit
Required Confined Spaces Standard (29 CFR 1910.146).
Disease Control and Prevention
Health Risks, Prevention Guidelines and Strategies Information Page
As the name suggests this site provides comprehensive information on
prevention and cure of diseases, injuries and disabilities, health risks,
specific populations, and prevention guidelines and strategies.
This page goes international. The site provides reference material
for international travel, and health recommendations for different parts
of the globe.
Institute for Occupational Safety & Health
NIOSH is part of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
and is responsible for conducting research and making recommendations for
the prevention of work-related illness and injuries. This page contains
links to sites which deal with hazardous workplaces, disease prevention,
worker protection and other environmental safety related information.
The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health currently
offers easy access to the databases such as IDLH Viewer, The National Agriculture
Safety Database (NASD), NIOSHTIC, NIOSH Manual of Analytical Methods (NMAM),
NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards (NPG), Registry of Toxic Effects
of Chemical Substances (RTECS).
Occupational Research Agenda
This site explicitly describes the National Occupational Research Agenda's
(NORA) Priority Research Areas, a few of which include disease and injury,
work, environment and workforce, research tools and approaches.
One can find a full text description and technical summary on respiratory
protective devices certified under 42 CFR Part 84, at this site. In addition,
the site also provides the NIOSH guide to the selection and use of particulate
respirators, a current list of approved respirators, and respirator users'
on-line Compendium of Occupational and Environmental Questionnaires
This is a collection of questionnaires relevant to the investigation
of occupational or environmental diseases. At present the site contains
a few questionnaires that focus on respiratory symptoms.
Hazard Evaluation Program
This page contains NIOSH conducted field investigations of possible
health hazards in the workplace, called Health Hazard Evaluations (HHEs),
under the authority of the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970,
which authorizes the Secretary of Health and Human Services, following
a written request from employees, authorized representative of employees,
or employers, to determine whether any substance normally found in the
place of employment has potentially toxic effects in such concentrations
as used or found.
With the help of user friendly instructions one can quickly learn what
an HHE is, who can request an HHE, when to request an HHE, under what authority
NIOSH conducts HHEs, how the results are reported, and more.
Industrial Hygiene Association
This web site maintained by AIHA provides information on Industrial
Hygiene and various articles pertaining to problems in the work environment.
A synopsis of brochures can be for the following list of titles can be
obtained at this site: Industrial Hygienists: Dedicated to Protecting People
in the Workplace and the Community, An Ergonomics Approach to Avoiding
Workplace Injury, Is Lead a Problem in My House?, Is Indoor Air Quality
a Problem in My Home?, Do I Work in a Sick Building?, CareerWorks, and
CareerWorks for Kids.
Center for Occupational Health and Safety Server
This site provides a comprehensive computerized information service
on safe and healthy working environments called, CCINFO, delivered through
compact disc (CD- ROM), an on-line system, CCINFOline, and diskette products.
Center for Occupational Health and Safety Server
The Canadian Center for Occupational Health and Safety (CCOHS) promotes
a safe and healthy working environment by providing information and advice
about occupational health and safety. CCOHS provides a comprehensive computerized
information service, CCINFO, delivered through compact disc (CD-ROM) an
on-line system, CCINFOline, and diskette products. CCINFO assists thousands
of users in some fifty countries in meeting their information needs.
Toxics, Hazards & Wastes Resources
This web site offers informational resource links a few of which include:
Health & Safety Data
Chemical Health & Safety Data, part of the Department of Health
and Human Services' National Toxicology Program allows search for chemical
compounds by keyword and some excellent toxicology and physical/chemical
Consumer Recycling Guide
The Consumer Recycling Resources Guide provides a starting point for
people with regular household quantities of material to recycle. Information
is provided on toxic and hard-to-recycle materials, and a list of local
recycling web pages in the USA.
TOXicology NETwork (EXTOXNet)
The Extension Toxicology Network web page is maintained by the University
of California, Davis, Oregon State University, Michigan State University,
and Cornell University. The resources covered at this site include toxicology
fact sheets, Pesticide Information Profiles (PIPs), and Toxicology Information
With the help of the Internet it is now possible to obtain Material
Safety Data Sheets on hundreds of materials . The URL's of few of a
sites which provide Material Safety Data Sheets on-line are :
This site which is maintained by The University of Utah contains a
library of MSDS on hundreds of materials. This site is of excellent use
to students and teachers for their learning and teaching purposes.
This site is maintained by the University of Virginia and it supports
a gopher server that contains a database of Chemical substance Fact sheets
for various chemicals.
The enviro-net MSDS database is similar to the University of Utah database
and it also includes a searchable index.
This is a searchable Gopher index from Vermont SIRI, and uses the search
function of your browser to search terms.
These Material Safety Data Sheets are provided by the Oxford University's
Physical and Chemical Theoretical Laboratory and are gathered from a variety
of net and other sources.
The Material Safety Data Sheets are provided by the University of British
Ergonomics means engineering the interaction between workers and their
workplace . The focus of ergonomics is the consideration of humans in the
design of man-made environments, objects, work procedures, etc., with the
principal objective to increase the effectiveness of resulting man-machine
systems, while maintaining human well-being.
This link leads to educational hypermedia and information about defining
and evaluating ergonomic risks, creating ergonomically appropriate workstations
and preventing work-related musculoskeletal disorders (CTD's).
As more and more educational work involves using computers, students
and instructors alike need to be aware of the hazard of Repetitive Strain
Injury (RSI) to the hands and arms resulting from the use of computer keyboards
and mouse. The page provides a very brief introduction to RSI and includes
book references and links to Internet resources.
This is the home page for the typing injury FAQ and typing injury archive
The site contains general information about typing injuries, keyboard alternatives,
alternative pointing devices, software monitoring tools, and furniture
This page is an attempt to gather and make available some of the more
useful sources of ergonomics information that are available on the Internet.
It is intended to supplement other documentation or programs that the General
Libraries Ergonomics Task Force may produce or make available for library
This paper can be used as a reference guide to environmental professionals.
The information found in the sites listed in this paper range from fact
sheets about toxic chemicals to publications about the latest in the field
of environmental health and safety.
In addition web page URL's for a number of sites related to Ergonomics
and Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) are also listed in the paper. A
total of 51 web sites have been listed .
We recommend the sites maintained by OSHA and DOE Office of Environmental
Safety and Health to be excellent sources of detailed and latest information
in the field of environmental health and safety.
- Kumar, A., A. Manocha, "A Review of Environmental Sites on the
World Wide Web", Environmental Progress, Vol. 14(3), pp. A 10- 13
- Kumar, A., F. D'Souza, S. Vashisth, "Software for Material Safety
and Data Sheets", Environmental Progress, Vol. 15(2), pp. S17-23 (May
- Kumar, A., F. D'Souza, S. Vashisth, "Environmental Datasets on
the Information Superhighway", Environmental Progress, Vol. 15(3),
pp. S17 - 20 (Fall 1996).
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