Directory of Internet Sites on Environmental Health & Safety


Introduction

Health and Safety of the workers and the general public is an important issue for environmental professionals working in the industry And governmental agencies. This is primarily due to the increase in use of chemicals, industrial accidents, governmental regulations, and public awareness of environmental problems. In order to make informed decisions environmental managers, engineers, and scientists need information from a variety of sources. The information superhighway can assist all of us.
In continuation of our efforts to accentuate the usefulness of the Internet as a repository of information and data [1,2,3], this paper focuses on the Environmental Health and Safety web sites on Internet. An in depth view of information pertaining to environmental health and safety which would be of immense help to environmental professionals as well as students seeking relevant material for their use is presented.
The world wide web (WWW) uses what are called Uniform Resource Locators ( URL ) to represent the hypertext links and links to Network services within the HTML documents [1]. If one were to perform a word search on ' Environmental Health and Safety ' thousands of pertaining sites would pop up on the screen, which would entail hours of browsing to get the desired information. This paper provides a list of URL's, along with a brief description of each site containing information regarding Environmental Health and Safety, which would greatly reduce your search time.
Internet Sites For Environmental Health & Safety
Since a list of sites on En vironmental Health and Safety is not easily available on the Internet we have made an attempt to create a comprehensive list of various sites available on the net. In addition the URL’s and a brief summary of each of the sites is listed below.
Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry
http://atsdr1.atsdr.cdc.gov:8080/atsdrhome.html
Links to the following resources can be obtained at this site.
HazDat, ATSDR's Hazardous Substance Release/Health Effects Database
http://atsdr1.atsdr.cdc.gov:8080/hazdat.html#A3.1
Hazdat is the scientific and administrative database developed to provide access to information on the release of hazardous substances from Superfund sites or from emergency events and on the effects of hazardous substances on the health of human populations[1].
ToxFAQs
http://atsdr1.atsdr.cdc.gov:8080/toxfaq.html
ToxFAQ's are short, easy-to-read summaries about hazardous substances that have been excerpted from the ATSDR Toxicological Profiles.
Public Health Statement Text Search
http://atsdr1.atsdr.cdc.gov:8080/query-phs.html
This search engine enables the World-Wide Web user to search for specific words or combination of words occurring in ATSDR's Public Health Statements. Taken from the Toxicological Profiles, the Public Health Statements offer easy-to-read summaries of many hazardous substances to which people might be exposed.
ATSDR/EPA Top 20 Hazardous Substances
http://atsdr1.atsdr.cdc.gov:8080/cxcx3.html
The priority list of hazardous substances prepared by ATSDR and EPA is provided out here. Each chemical is identified with a Rank Number and includes an ATSDR Public Health Statement.
Minimal Risk Levels (MRLs) for Hazardous Substances
http://atsdr1.atsdr.cdc.gov:8080/mrls.html
One can find the ATSDR Minimal Risk Levels (MRLs) for hazardous substances out here.
Environmental Data Needed for Public Health Assessment
http://atsdr1.atsdr.cdc.gov:8080/ednpha.html
This site is a guidance manual published by ATSDR that describes the general purpose and focus of a public health assessment (PHA) and the data that is needed to produce a PHA.
Hazardous Substances & Public Health
http://atsdr1.atsdr.cdc.gov:8080/HEC/hsphhome.html
Hazardous Substances & Public Health is a quarterly newsletter published by the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry and can be found on-line at the above URL.
Software CLUSTER version 3.1
http://atsdr1.atsdr.cdc.gov:8080/HS/cluster.html
The CLUSTER (version 3.1) software download site is designed to help the researcher determine if there is a statistically significant chance that a cluster occurred other than by random phenomenon.

DOE Office of Environmental Safety and Health, Home Page
http://nattie.eh.doe.gov/
DOE's Environment, Safety and Health (ES&H) Technical Information Services (TIS) is a collection of information services that provides safety and health professio nals with reliable, accurate and current information to assist them in performing their jobs.
ES & H Info Center
http://nattie.eh.doe.gov:80/map.html
The ES&H InfoCenter provides multi-media access to Federal, industry and international information sources.
ES&H Documents and Publications
http://nattie.eh.doe.gov/docs/docs.html
DOE's Environment, Safety and Health (ES&H) Technical Information Services (TIS) is a collection of information services that provides safety and health professionals with reliable, accurate and current information to assist them in performing their jobs. The Environmental Safety & Health Documents and Publications provide links to the following sites:
A selection of prominent documents generated by or of interest to professionals in the disciplines of environment, safety and health are included here. The various documents available at this URL include Environmental Health & Safety Plans, Occupational Safety and Health documents, The National Environmental Policy Act ( NEPA ) documents, Radiation Reports, site related Documents, U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission documents, and documents pertaining to Fire Protection Program, and Operating Experience Analysis and Feedback.
Bulletins, Newsletters, Hazard Alerts and other periodic publications containing time-sensitive data can be found at the above URL. ES&H InfoCenter Bulletin, ES&H Synergy, Safety and Health Bulletins, Safety and Health Notes, Safety and Health Actions, Safety and Health Hazard Alerts, Nuclear Reactor Safety, Health Watch, Operating Experience Weekly Summary, Office of Nuclear and Facility Safety (NFS) Safety Notices ES&H Updates, Safety and Health Connection, and Occupational Safety Observer can all be accessed from this web site.
Regulatory Information and Guidelines
http://nattie.eh.doe.gov/docs/regs.html
This page provides a collection of regulatory documents including the Environmental Guidelines, DOE Directives, DOE Orders & Standards, and other regulatory criteria and standards.
Information Services
http://nattie.eh.doe.gov/systems/services.html
Links are provided for ES&H InfoCenter, conferences and training information, medical links, special teams and tasks, and other information services. ES&H InfoCenter, provides multi-media access to Federal, industry and international information sources.
Database Services
http://nattie.eh.doe.gov:80/systems/datasys.html
The database services page contains primary ES&H databases, which include Comprehensive Epidemiologic Data Resource (CEDR), Human Radiation Experiments, Facility Profiles (FPIMS), National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA), Populations at Risk to Environmental Pollution (PAREP), Computerized Accident/Incident Reporting System (CAIRS), Accident Analysis Documents (MORT) Technical Research and Applications Center (TRAC), Occurrence Reporting and Processing System (ORPS), Occurrence Reporting and Processing System Graphical User Interface (ORPS GUI), Risk Information Management System (RIMS), Document Imaging System (DIS), Medical Surveillance Information System (MSIS), DOE Radiation Exposure Monitoring System (REMS).
EPA Chemical Emergency Preparedness and Prevention Office
http://earth1.epa.gov:80/ceppo/
The EPA CEPPO home page contains profuse information regarding accident prevention and risk management planning, accident preparedness and right-to-know, emergency response, accident histories, and chemical information. An exhaustive list of Fact sheets , legislation documents and extended links to Emergency Response and Chemical Information sites, are included in this site . CEPPO has prepared the factsheets to summarize material in and related to legislation and regulation related to the program. Factsheets to be found on this page are those for clean air act and amendments related to chemical accident prevention and risk management, the emergency planning and community right-to-know act, and the chemicals. EPA chemical fact sheets provide summaries of information on over 300 chemicals including identifying characteristics, health hazards, ecological effects, and methods to reduce exposure to the chemical. The site also provides legislation and regulations pertaining to the clean air act and amendments related to chemical accident prevention and risk management, and the emergency planning and community right-to- know act.
Occupational Safety and Health (OSHA)
http://www.osha.gov/

This OSHA home page provides information which can be used by health professionals ,the academic community, lawyers, journalists, and personnel of other government entities.This page also includes links to publications, technical and other advisory information.
Publications
http://www.osha.gov/oshpubs/
Information can be retrieved on topics related to employer's guide to teen worker safety, industrial hygiene, employee workplace rights, employer rights & responsibilities, federal employer rights & responsibilities following an OSHA inspection, personal protective equipment, guidelines for preventing workplace violence for health care and social, service workers, draft guidelines for workplace violence prevention programs for night, retail establishments, concepts and techniques for machine safeguarding, asbestos standard for general industry, fact sheets.
OSHA's Priorities
http://www.osha.gov/oshinfo/priorities/
OSHA intends to address the issues emerging from its priority planning process through a combination of rulemaking and other ntervention tools. Summary sheets for individual priorities, listed below can be accessed at the above URL.
List of OSHA Priorities for which summary sheets can be located at the site are: Asphalt Fumes, Commercial Diving Safety, Crane and Hoist Safety, Diesel Exhaust, Hazardous Medications, Metalworking Fluids, Motor Vehicle Safety, Noise/Hearing Conservation, Occupational Asthma, Oil and Gas Well Drilling and Servicing, PELs Update (continuation of activity), Power Transmission and Distribution in Construction, Reproductive Hazards, Silica (Crystalline), Solvents, Synthetic Mineral Fibers, Welding, Cutting and Brazing, Workplace Violence. One can also read about the leading causes of occupational injury, illness and death.
OSHA Technical Information
http://198.17.175.40/OCIS/tech_info.html
The OSHA technical information page contains chemical sampling information for various chemicals listed by name and CAS number, list of approved blood lead laboratories in all the states, lead test kits, and fully validated OSHA analytical methods ready for downloading.
OSHA Standards
http://198.17.175.40/OCIS/standards_related.html
This site contains information pertaining to OSHA standards and related documents and includes draft of OSHA's proposed ergonomics protection standard, OSHA federal register, information collection requests, OSHA act of 1970 (amended 1990), OSHA's compliance assistance page, OSHA regulations, OSHA regulations, OSHA unified agenda, standards development, and standard interpretations.
Statistics & Data
http://www.osha.gov/oshstats/
The following information can be accessed through this web site: SIC Manual provides the ability to search the alphabetic index of the 1987 version manual by keywords; access detailed information for a specified SIC, division, or major group; and browse through the manual structure. Frequently Cited OSHA Standards is a query tool which allows the user to determine the most frequently cited Federal OSHA standards for a given SIC code. The SIC code may be determined by accessing the on-line SIC Manual. Industry Profile for an OSHA Standard displays the industry SICs in which a specified Federal OSHA standard is most often cited. Information is shown at the SIC division and 2,3,4- digit SIC levels.
OSHA Software/Advisors
http://www.osha.gov/oshasoft/
The following software’s are available for download at the this site.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
http://www.cdc.gov/
Diseases, Health Risks, Prevention Guidelines and Strategies Information Page
http://www.cdc.gov/diseases/diseases.html
As the name suggests this site provides comprehensive information on prevention and cure of diseases, injuries and disabilities, health risks, specific populations, and prevention guidelines and strategies.
CDC Home Travel Information
http://www.cdc.gov/travel/travel2.htm
This page goes international. The site provides reference material for international travel, and health recommendations for different parts of the globe.
National Institute for Occupational Safety & Health
http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/homepage.html


NIOSH is part of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and is responsible for conducting research and making recommendations for the prevention of work-related illness and injuries. This page contains links to sites which deal with hazardous workplaces, disease prevention, worker protection and other environmental safety related information.
NIOSH Databases
http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/database.html


The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health currently offers easy access to the databases such as IDLH Viewer, The National Agriculture Safety Database (NASD), NIOSHTIC, NIOSH Manual of Analytical Methods (NMAM), NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards (NPG), Registry of Toxic Effects of Chemical Substances (RTECS).
National Occupational Research Agenda
http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/nora.html


This site explicitly describes the National Occupational Research Agenda's (NORA) Priority Research Areas, a few of which include disease and injury, work, environment and workforce, research tools and approaches.
NIOSH Respirator Information
http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/respinfo.html


One can find a full text description and technical summary on respiratory protective devices certified under 42 CFR Part 84, at this site. In addition, the site also provides the NIOSH guide to the selection and use of particulate respirators, a current list of approved respirators, and respirator users' notices.
The NIOSH on-line Compendium of Occupational and Environmental Questionnaires
http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/compend.html


This is a collection of questionnaires relevant to the investigation of occupational or environmental diseases. At present the site contains a few questionnaires that focus on respiratory symptoms.
Health Hazard Evaluation Program
http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/hhe.htm


This page contains NIOSH conducted field investigations of possible health hazards in the workplace, called Health Hazard Evaluations (HHEs), under the authority of the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970, which authorizes the Secretary of Health and Human Services, following a written request from employees, authorized representative of employees, or employers, to determine whether any substance normally found in the place of employment has potentially toxic effects in such concentrations as used or found.


With the help of user friendly instructions one can quickly learn what an HHE is, who can request an HHE, when to request an HHE, under what authority NIOSH conducts HHEs, how the results are reported, and more.


American Industrial Hygiene Association
http://www.aiha.org/


This web site maintained by AIHA provides information on Industrial Hygiene and various articles pertaining to problems in the work environment. A synopsis of brochures can be for the following list of titles can be obtained at this site: Industrial Hygienists: Dedicated to Protecting People in the Workplace and the Community, An Ergonomics Approach to Avoiding Workplace Injury, Is Lead a Problem in My House?, Is Indoor Air Quality a Problem in My Home?, Do I Work in a Sick Building?, CareerWorks, and CareerWorks for Kids.
Canadian Center for Occupational Health and Safety Server
http://www.ccohs.ca/


This site provides a comprehensive computerized information service on safe and healthy working environments called, CCINFO, delivered through compact disc (CD- ROM), an on-line system, CCINFOline, and diskette products.
Canadian Center for Occupational Health and Safety Server
http://www.ccohs.ca/


The Canadian Center for Occupational Health and Safety (CCOHS) promotes a safe and healthy working environment by providing information and advice about occupational health and safety. CCOHS provides a comprehensive computerized information service, CCINFO, delivered through compact disc (CD-ROM) an on-line system, CCINFOline, and diskette products. CCINFO assists thousands of users in some fifty countries in meeting their information needs.
EcoNet's Toxics, Hazards & Wastes Resources
http://www.igc.apc.org/toxic/


This web site offers informational resource links a few of which include:
Chemical Health & Safety Data
http://ntp-support.niehs.nih.gov/Main_pages/Chem-HS.HTML


Chemical Health & Safety Data, part of the Department of Health and Human Services' National Toxicology Program allows search for chemical compounds by keyword and some excellent toxicology and physical/chemical data.
The Internet Consumer Recycling Guide
http://www.best.com/~dillon/recycle/


The Consumer Recycling Resources Guide provides a starting point for people with regular household quantities of material to recycle. Information is provided on toxic and hard-to-recycle materials, and a list of local recycling web pages in the USA.
The EXtension TOXicology NETwork (EXTOXNet)
http://ace.orst.edu/info/extoxnet/


The Extension Toxicology Network web page is maintained by the University of California, Davis, Oregon State University, Michigan State University, and Cornell University. The resources covered at this site include toxicology fact sheets, Pesticide Information Profiles (PIPs), and Toxicology Information Briefs (TIBs).
MSDS Information


With the help of the Internet it is now possible to obtain Material Safety Data Sheets on hundreds of materials [2]. The URL's of few of a sites which provide Material Safety Data Sheets on-line are :
gopher//gopher.chem.utah.edu:70/11/MSDS


This site which is maintained by The University of Utah contains a library of MSDS on hundreds of materials. This site is of excellent use to students and teachers for their learning and teaching purposes.
gopher://ecosys.drdr.virginia.edu:70/11/library/gen/toxics


This site is maintained by the University of Virginia and it supports a gopher server that contains a database of Chemical substance Fact sheets for various chemicals.
http://www.enviro-net.com/technical/msds


The enviro-net MSDS database is similar to the University of Utah database and it also includes a searchable index.
gopher://hazard.com:3000/7


This is a searchable Gopher index from Vermont SIRI, and uses the search function of your browser to search terms.
http://physchem.ox.ac.uk/MSDS/


These Material Safety Data Sheets are provided by the Oxford University's Physical and Chemical Theoretical Laboratory and are gathered from a variety of net and other sources.
http://diamond.cicsr.ubc.ca.8080/wowf/web_msds_search-t?


The Material Safety Data Sheets are provided by the University of British Columbia.
Ergonomics


Ergonomics means engineering the interaction between workers and their workplace . The focus of ergonomics is the consideration of humans in the design of man-made environments, objects, work procedures, etc., with the principal objective to increase the effectiveness of resulting man-machine systems, while maintaining human well-being.
http://www.virginia.edu/~enhealth/ERGONOMICS/toc.html


This link leads to educational hypermedia and information about defining and evaluating ergonomic risks, creating ergonomically appropriate workstations and preventing work-related musculoskeletal disorders (CTD's).
http://www.engr.unl.edu/ee/eeshop/rsi.html


As more and more educational work involves using computers, students and instructors alike need to be aware of the hazard of Repetitive Strain Injury (RSI) to the hands and arms resulting from the use of computer keyboards and mouse. The page provides a very brief introduction to RSI and includes book references and links to Internet resources.
http://www.cs.princeton.edu/~dwallach/tifaq/


This is the home page for the typing injury FAQ and typing injury archive The site contains general information about typing injuries, keyboard alternatives, alternative pointing devices, software monitoring tools, and furniture information.
http://www.lib.utexas.edu/Pubs/etf/#articles


This page is an attempt to gather and make available some of the more useful sources of ergonomics information that are available on the Internet. It is intended to supplement other documentation or programs that the General Libraries Ergonomics Task Force may produce or make available for library staff.
Conclusion


This paper can be used as a reference guide to environmental professionals. The information found in the sites listed in this paper range from fact sheets about toxic chemicals to publications about the latest in the field of environmental health and safety.


In addition web page URL's for a number of sites related to Ergonomics and Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) are also listed in the paper. A total of 51 web sites have been listed .


We recommend the sites maintained by OSHA and DOE Office of Environmental Safety and Health to be excellent sources of detailed and latest information in the field of environmental health and safety.

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